Tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that involves removing the tooth or its remnants from the alveoli. In fact, all dentists try to fight for the tooth in its natural place, but unfortunately, there are still cases when tooth extraction is required. Tooth extraction can be emergent or planned.
Emergent tooth extraction is prescribed in the following cases:
- In case of physical injuries of the jaw and teeth that caused fracture of the teeth when another type of treatment is impossible
- In case of acute pain, inflammatory processes that make it impossible or nullify another type of treatment. In other words, when there is nothing to treat.
Planned tooth extraction is prescribed in the following cases:
- An extra set of teeth that interferes with the normal development of the dentition
- In case of orthodontic treatment, when there is no place for equalizing main teeth
- In case of wisdom teeth, when they do not take part in the chewing process, are damaged or their atypical placement interferes with the development of adjacent teeth or the entire jaw
- A broken tooth that is not subject to any other dental treatment
- The tooth has too thin or impenetrable canals, which makes it impossible to treat it, usually such teeth have several cysts and periodontitis
- The tooth has an atypical placement that interferes with the development of other teeth or does not look aesthetic, also when orthodontic treatment is excluded.
There are cases where it is better to postpone the removal of teeth:
- 1st and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy
- Aggravation of heart disease
- Low blood coagulation due to taking medications or periods in women
Typically, tooth extraction takes place under anesthesia and the patient does not feel pain or discomfort, sometimes there can be complications after tooth extraction, especially if it was difficult or atypical.
The hardest procedure is the removal of wisdom teeth due to their "distant" location. They often grow to the side, or into an adjacent tooth, and then removal requires more time and high qualification of the surgeon.
The wisdom teeth are not always removed: if they do not disturb you, they do not interfere with the "neighbours", they have not broken through or have broken through and are healthy, participate in the chewing function of the jaw or do not interfere with orthodontic treatment.
However, in most cases the wisdom teeth are not treated and they are subject to removal. Why this happens:
- Because of their difficult location, the physician cannot physically access them to fully and qualitatively treat.
- They are weaker and often destroyed because their hygiene is unsatisfactory (it's not easy to reach so far with a brush) and if they do not take part in chewing, they have no load, and therefore become fragile and destroyed
- They often become "victims" of orthodontic treatment when a place is necessary for the expansion (alignment) of the tooth row, wisdom teeth are sacrificed most often
- These teeth grow more often than others as they wish, often in the side, into the jaw, into the adjacent tooth. This creates not only pain and discomfort, but also greatly affects the development of the entire oral cavity.
And one more important point, after removing the tooth, it is always necessary to consult a physician for the next treatment, leaving no free space (this does not apply to the removal of wisdom teeth). Tooth jaw system is broken and "holes" from lost teeth need to be closed. This is due to several important factors:
- The free space deforms the gums and jaw, the tissue is lost, which badly affects the adjacent teeth
- Also, free space gives space for mobility of neighboring teeth and eventually they can also fall out
- The tooth on the opposite site has no load, which can lead either to its loss or damage because of various dental diseases
- The absence of more than two teeth affects the language (diction) and the contour of the face - it swells, wrinkles appear.
- The lack of teeth also affects the digestive system. The stomach gets badly processed food, as a consequence, gastrointestinal problems are also added
But do not be desperate. Firstly, it is necessary to visit a dentist for a preventive examination once a year to prevent a tooth loss, and secondly, if the tooth is already lost, there are several options for solving the problem. Visit our doctors and they will offer the best option that will satisfy you.